Holocaust » Overview


Over the last half century a great many programs on Holocaust education and initiatives on Holocaust remembrance have been launched and continue to be implemented in countries primarily located in Europe and North America and Israel, most of whom are members of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). However, little is known about programs and initiatives on the subject outside of IHRA.

Salzburg Global Seminar, together with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, seeks to bring greater awareness of Holocaust education and remembrance programs in other countries with the objective of fostering dialogue, promoting tolerance, and providing a knowledge-sharing resource platform.

“I am honoured to have been associated with this project since its inception in 2009. Working together, the Seminar and the Museum have brought together scholars, educators and policy makers from different academic disciplines, and from many different parts of the world, to consider how far, and in what ways, education about the Holocaust and other genocides can actually contribute to the prevention of further such tragedies in the future.”

- Kofi Annan

Visit the country profile pages for more detailed  information.
For information on Holocaust education around the world, please download:

GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES ON HOLOCAUST EDUCATION: Trends, Patterns, and Practices, a publication of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Salzburg Global Seminar, 2013

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Determined Action on North Korean Human Rights Urged by High-level Global Gathering
Determined Action on North Korean Human Rights Urged by High-level Global Gathering
Salzburg Global Seminar 
From June 2 to 6, 2015, the three members of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry (COI) on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) - Michael Kirby, Marzuki Darusman, and Sonja Biserko - came together at Salzburg Global Seminar's symposium on International Responses to Crimes Against Humanity: The Challenge of North Korea to consider responses to the COI report released in 2014.  At the symposium, the commissioners met with 40 diplomats, legal experts, policy makers and human rights advocates from six continents to debate a broad range of actions, including renewing the call to the UN Security Council to consider referring North Korea's Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un to the International Criminal Court for suspected crimes against humanity. The symposium was held under the Chatham House Rule, protecting the identities of participants and not attributing particular views or comments to the individuals taking part. Participants concluded the meeting by agreeing on A CALL TO ACTION - Salzburg Statement on the Human Rights Situation in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Among the priorities cited were:
  • Securing the DPRK's compliance with its international obligations, including the Responsibility to Protect accepted by all UN Member States in 2005 and the provision of access to UN special mandate holders and other UN personnel;
  • Facilitating international transit of North Koreans seeking to leave the DPRK and avoiding their repatriation to the DPRK;
  • Disseminating the COI Report globally by expanding access in various languages, new formats, and media, including reader-friendly translations;
  • Increasing dissemination of information within the DPRK, including by accessible radio broadcasts;
  • Exploring the availability and use of court systems in various jurisdictions around the world, including those affording universal jurisdiction, with a view to securing the accountability of any persons or institutions in the DPRK found liable under international law.
The full Salzburg Statement and priority actions are available here: www.salzburgglobal.org/go/DPRK. About this symposium:  The symposium on International Responses to Crimes against Humanity: The Challenge of North Korea continues Salzburg Global Seminar's commitment to Justice issues, including international law, human rights and genocide prevention. Convened on an invitation-only basis, its aim was to discuss and recommend practical ways in which outside actors - state and non-state as well as local, regional, and global - could realistically aim to help improve the situation of the North Korean population. About Salzburg Global Seminar:  Salzburg Global Seminar is a fully independent non-profit organization, founded after the Second World War in 1947 during a period of extraordinary transition - physical, economic, social, and cultural. At this disrupted and unstable moment in history, its establishment represented an inspirational undertaking - an institution created by young people to develop globally aware leaders and one of the first international organizations designed to connect current leaders to the next generation of young people working to drive social and economic regeneration. For nearly 70 years, Salzburg Global's strategic convening has addressed the principles, values, and leadership responsibilities critical for peace and human dignity to flourish. The organization has a unique track record of creating conditions of trust to bridge cultural, ideological, and geographic divides. It has launched cross-cultural educational programs that drive institutional change, created peace-building initiatives and networks, and worked to support regions, institutions, and sectors in transition. Salzburg Global's programs have connected more than 25,000 participants from 160 countries, creating lasting bonds sustained by the Salzburg Global Network.
Media Contact: Thomas Biebl, Director of Marketing and Communications, Salzburg Global Seminar, tbiebl@SalzburgGlobal.org
Salzburg Global Initiative Recommendations Presented to International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
Salzburg Global Initiative Recommendations Presented to International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
Salzburg Global Seminar 
Recommendations of the Salzburg Global Initiative on Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention have been well received by participants at the latest meeting of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). The meeting, held in December in Manchester, UK, was attended by Klaus Mueller, chair of the Salzburg Global Initiative on Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention, a joint initiative of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) and Salzburg Global, whereat he presented the recommendations made by Salzburg Global Fellows during the symposium Holocaust and Genocide Education: Sharing Experience Across Borders held in June in Salzburg. That symposium brought together predominantly non-Western participants from 29 countries outside the framework of the current IHRA member states. During the symposium, participants reviewed the 2010 IHRA guidelines on Holocaust and other genocides, and developed recommendations from a more global perspective, as outlined in the 2014 session report. Mueller’s presentation on these recommendations to such a large transnational forum provided a unique opportunity to engage colleagues from around the world.  IHRA, an intergovernmental network of currently 31 nations from Europe, North America, Israel and Argentina, supports the need for Holocaust education, remembrance and research both nationally and internationally, and has been a main supporter of the Salzburg Global Initiative. As part of the US delegation to IHRA, Mueller joined, among other meetings, the first gathering of a new IHRA Committee on Holocaust, Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity.  The committee – which addresses the growing engagement of Holocaust institutions and memorials in education and remembrance activities on other genocides – invited Mueller to present the outcomes of the June 2014 Salzburg symposium.  The IHRA committee delegates took the Salzburg recommendations very seriously and used them as a point of departure to review and further develop the IHRA guidelines on Holocaust and other genocides, thus integrating the recommendations of the joint USHMM-Salzburg Global Initiative as an outside expert perspective. Among other themes, the Committee members discussed as a follow-up to the recommendations from our 2014 Salzburg participants:
  • Making the guidelines more practical for educators and teachers through lesson plans;
  • Creating a feedback mechanism to understand guidelines as a working document;
  • Working on a draft paper on the use of language within the IHRA guidelines guided by the Salzburg recommendations;
  • Reflecting on the global use of the IHRA guidelines.
The current IHRA chair Sir Andrew Burns from the United Kingdom (who attended the 2014 Salzburg session) and Michael Haider from the Austrian Foreign Office (which has been a key funder from the beginning of the Initiative since 2010) were informed about the session outcomes in separate dialogues hosted by Mueller. 
Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention: Sharing Experiences Across Borders
Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention: Sharing Experiences Across Borders
Salzburg Global Seminar 
The report from the June 2014 Salzburg Global Seminar session Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention: Sharing Experiences Across Borders is now available online.  The program, held as part of the joint Salzburg Global-United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Salzburg Initiative on Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention, brought together 47 educators, museum directors, civil society leaders, policy influencers, public officials and other working in Holocaust and genocide education from 29 countries across the world. You can read more about the session in the report below:
Download the report as PDF
Re-envisioning Salzburg Global Seminar
Re-envisioning Salzburg Global Seminar
Salzburg Global Seminar 
Salzburg Global Seminar proudly presents its new periodical, The Salzburg Global Chronicle. Replacing the traditional annual President’s Report, the new publication “chronicles” Salzburg Global’s programs at Schloss Leopoldskron and around the world, including profiles on both “up-and-coming” leaders and high profile Salzburg Global Fellows, and features on the impact Salzburg Global Seminar, its programs, staff and Fellows have in the world beyond the Schloss.

Highlights include:

15 Faces for the Future  

Salzburg Global Seminar’s mission is to challenge current and future leaders to tackle problems of global concern. To this end, Salzburg Global brings young, emerging leaders to Schloss Leopoldskron, not only for our Academies programs, but for every Salzburg Global session. Nearly 500 of our 1844 Fellows who attended sessions between 2011 and 2013 were under the age of 40, in addition to the more than 800 Academies participants. Below are just 15 of our remarkable young Fellows.

The Power of Partnership 

Salzburg Global Seminar’s programs would not happen without our partners. Partners provide not only the intellectual capital and input to drive the session forward but often the much needed financial capital necessary to bring Fellows and faculty to Salzburg. But what do partners get out of working with Salzburg Global?

A Distinct History, a Universal Message  

For three days, at a palace once home to the local Nazi party leader, experts from across the globe considered the value of Holocaust education in a global context at a symposium hosted by Salzburg Global and the US Holocaust Memorial Museum. They proved the Holocaust is more than just a European or Jewish experience.

Strength in Diversity 

LGBT rights are moving up the international agenda, and while progress is being made, at the same time some countries are passing increasingly regressive laws. In June 2013, Salzburg Global convened its first ever Salzburg Global LGBT Forum addressing LGBT and Human Rights: New Challenges, Next Steps, starting a truly global conversation.

An Unlikely Constellation of Partners  

Historically Black Colleges and Universities and the Appalachian College Association, member institutions of which serve predominantly white students, do not seem like the most obvious of partners. But this did not stop them from coming together to transform their schools into sites of global citizenship through the Salzburg Global Seminar-led, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation-funded Mellon Fellow Community Initiative.

Media Change Makers

Since helping to launch the program in 2007, Salzburg Global President Stephen L. Salyer has taken a hands-on role in the Salzburg Academy on Media and Global Change: helping to devise the program, delivering lectures and mentoring students. This year, he met with student representatives from each region represented at the eighth annual program to find out how the Academy is helping shape them. The Chronicle is available online at chronicle2013.salzburgglobal.org and to download as a PDF and in our ISSUU Library    Download the Salzburg Global Chronicle as a PDF Print copies are available at Hotel Schloss Leopoldskron and all upcoming Salzburg Global Seminar events and programs.
Former Resident Director Tim Ryback Publishes New Book
Former Resident Director Tim Ryback Publishes New Book
Jonathan Elbaz 
Timothy Ryback, the former resident director for Salzburg Global, just published a new book about the first victims of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi regime. It's called Hitler's First Victims: The Quest For Justice, and it's currently available to purchase on Amazon. The book follows the courageous German prosecutor, Josef Hartinger, who risked everything to expose the first killers in the Holocaust. The book description explains, "Hitler’s First Victims exposes the chaos and fragility of the Nazis’ early grip on power and dramatically suggests how different history could have been had other Germans followed Hartinger’s example of personal courage in that time of collective human failure." Meanwhile, read reviews of the new book by the Wall Street Journal and the Boston Globe.
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Kofi A. Annan,  Secretary-General of the United Nations, 1997-2006

Honorary President, Salzburg Initiative on Holocaust Education and Genocide Prevention